Install Windows as guest OS on remote Ubuntu Server using VirtualBox

Installing a Windows VM on desktop Linux using VirtualBox is trivial, but installing and using Windows guest (which inherently requires a GUI) on a remote Ubuntu Server host (which usually does not have GUI) is not immediately so. I just got this problem the other day and below are my steps to solve it

# install additional dependencies
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-ext-pack virtualbox-guest-additions-iso
# use a variable to store VM name as we have to reuse it several times
# create a VM (valid ostype values from `VBoxManage list ostypes`)
VBoxManage createvm --name "$VM" --ostype Windows7_64 --register
# set usable memory to 4 GB
VBoxManage modifyvm "$VM" --memory 4096
# create a hard disk (40 GB)
VBoxManage createhd --filename "$VM.vdi" --size 40960
# Attach the hard disk to the VM
VBoxManage storagectl "$VM" --name "SATA Controller" --add sata --controller IntelAHCI
VBoxManage storageattach "$VM" --storagectl "SATA Controller" --port 0 --device 0 --type hdd --medium "$VM.vdi"
# Create a DVD drive with the installation media
VBoxManage storagectl "$VM" --name "IDE Controller" --add ide
VBoxManage storageattach "$VM" --storagectl "IDE Controller" --port 0 --device 0 --type dvddrive --medium /path/to/windows_installer.iso
# Enable VirtualBox Remote Display Protocol
VBoxManage modifyvm "$VM" --vrde on
VBoxManage modifyvm "$VM" --vrdeport 5555
# List host's network interfaces
# Setup bridged network on VM ($host_iface must be a valid interface on the host as shown by ifconfig comand)
VBoxManage modifyvm "$VM" --nic1 bridged --bridgeadapter1 $host_iface
# Power on
VBoxManage startvm "$VM" --type headless 

At this point, the VM is started on remote Ubuntu Server host and is booting into Windows 7 installer via virtual DVD drive. To view the console/GUI of the VM, install some RDP client on your local machine (I recommend Remmina) and connect to remote host's port 5555

sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:remmina-ppa-team/remmina-next
sudo apt-get install remmina remmina-plugin-rdp libfreerdp-plugins-standard

You'll notice that remote mouse position is out of sync with local. Try to finish installation (tip: the installer is keyboard-friendly) then mount and install VirtualBox Guest Additions

VBoxManage storageattach "$VM" --storagectl "IDE Controller" --port 0 --device 0 --type dvddrive --medium /usr/share/virtualbox/VBoxGuestAdditions.iso


This post is the combination of the below articles and my experience stumbling around to install a fresh Windows 7 64-bit OS on a Ubuntu Server

Bình luận

{{ }}
Bỏ hay Hay
Male avatar
{{ comment_error }}

Hiển thị thử

Chỉnh sửa



2 bài viết.
1 người follow
{{userFollowed ? 'Following' : 'Follow'}}
Cùng một tác giả
2 0
rsync between two remote hosts When you need to rsync between two remote hosts which can't connect to each other, but you can SSH login into both ...
hai-ld viết 1 năm trước
2 0
Bài viết liên quan
10 3
Nếu đã từng xài Vagrant hay Docker, hẳn các bạn sẽ không thể thiếu được VirtualBox hoặc VMWare, nhưng ngoài các công cụ này, vẫn còn rất nhiều nhữn...
Huy Trần viết gần 3 năm trước
10 3


{{ comment_count }}

bình luận

{{liked ? "Đã kipalog" : "Kipalog"}}

{{userFollowed ? 'Following' : 'Follow'}}
2 bài viết.
1 người follow

 Đầu mục bài viết

Vẫn còn nữa! x

Kipalog vẫn còn rất nhiều bài viết hay và chủ đề thú vị chờ bạn khám phá!